For half a century the Centre has been associating its name and that of the city of Turin to the historical and archaeological research, the enhancement of the cultural heritage and the preservation and restoration of the architectural and archaeological resources in several countries within the Mediterranean area – including Italy – and the Near and Middle East. Starting from the 1960’ it has promoted activities of study, restoration, testing and application of new methodologies in the field of cultural heritage. In Iraq, thanks to the presence of the Iraqi-Italian institutes for Archaeology and Restoration, the Centre has been playing an active role in the preservation of the historical and archaeological heritage of the country, even taking part in international salvage projects in the event of the creation of large dams. In the last decades, due to the conflicts in the area, the activities of the Centro Scavi have mainly been focused on the protection of the Iraqi archaeological heritage: within this framework fall the documentation of the orthostats of Sennacherib’s Palace without rivals at Nineveh (illustrated in the section of the site dedicated to the research projects), the documentation and recovery of looted artefacts (B.R.I.L.A. project), the reconstruction of the restoration laboratories and the reopening of the Iraq Museum, the reopening of the Iraqi-Italian institutes, closed after the Second Gulf war. For these activities in 2009 the Centro Scavi was awarded the Rotondi Prize for art saviours – World section.